The Constitution of Liberty

PDF The Constitution of Liberty Hayek s book is one of the crowning achievements in the socialism capitalism debate of the last years It is a deserved classic of liberalism an argument for a m

PDF The Constitution of Liberty Hayek's book is one of the crowning achievements in the "socialism-capitalism" debate of the last 100 years. It is a deserved classic of liberalism, an argument for a market-oriented society with all its faults.It provides a classical liberal defence, mostly on utilitarian grounds, for a limited government under what he called "rule of law": the reign of non-arbitrary, non-coercive, abstract and general rules that apply to all citizens equally. The state, although minimal, should offer the maximum protection for individual liberty and safeguard the efficient operation of the free market. Hayek's system places heavy emphasis on the virtues of private property - and the vices of government interventionism (especially of the "benign" and "well-meaning" kind) He sees his work as continuing the work of the British Whigs (the originators of today's liberalism). As we know, this Whig-lover has inspired many Tories - including Thatcher - but he has always considered himself a classical liberal rather than a conservative. (See the last paragraph below.)The "Constitution" in the name is a pun on the two meanings of the term, active and passive: A) The (actively) written constitution that safeguards liberty ("the rule of law"); and B) the non-deliberate (passive) "emergence" of liberty out of social evolution (via "the market forces").The book traces the history of liberalism in the Anglo-Saxon countries, from the days of Common Law to the philosophers of early Anglo-Scottish liberalism (Locke, Hume, Smith, Burke). He also traces the way these ideas affected American constitutionalism (with its "Bill of Rights").He sees the British Common Law tradition (with its emphasis on individual liberty) as laying the basis for the idea of limiting government action, i.e. chaining sovereign power. Such a concern, he claims, was the guiding principle of 18th-19th centuries liberal politics. But, due to shifting intellectual currents (he puts the blame on Franco-Teutonic "rationalism" and "positivism"), by the 20th Century, this tradition of liberalism, in its original form, had mostly been either forgotten or supplanted by socialist, authoritarian and social democratic ideologies, with their faith - shared by Marxism and social democratic reformism alike - on shaping society according to deliberate design. The main argument of the book is that we need methods of making sure that government, despite being a useful servant, should not be granted "arbitrary" and "discretionary" powers. Hayek argues that such dangerous powers should NEVER be granted to such a powerful, monopolizing, competition-killing institution, EVEN if done for all the best intentions and in the service of good-sounding causes. Indeed, we should be wary of using the blunt powers of government, with the noble but misguided aim of shaping society according to human will and design, ESPECIALLY when faced with the ever-present danger of bleeding heart zealousness due to some notion of "social justice", which may blind our long-term interests and cause us to accept mild forms of socialist interventionism into the economy. Such interventionism only serves to destroy the basis for a free society. (A good example of such a danger, according to Hayek, is the support, in the name of egalitarianism, for progressive taxation, in order to achieve heavy redistribution.)If the main obstacle for freedom, in the 18th and 19th Centuries, used to be the power of sovereign kingship and the "police state" (with its arbitrary and often unlimited powers of discretion), in the 20th and 21st Centuries, the main obstacle, according to Hayek, has become the DEMOCRATIC AND BUREAUCRATIC STATE. From being the promise of human dignity and infinite progress, the welfare state, which is the norm in the Western countries, has turned into a scourge. The welfare state, even with its obvious achievements, has nearly destroyed the legacy of spontaneous human development, replacing dangerous freedom with the promise of an "all-knowing" authority. (The line of argument is familiar to anyone who has read "The Road to Serfdom.")Indeed, even the social democratic proponent of welfare state measures must admit that the current welfare state has everywhere turned into a network of power-wielding authorities and a never-ending supply of liberty-infringing laws. Hayek argues the power of the democratic legislature, and the power of the bureaucratic committee, are JUST AS BAD as the power of, say, absolute monarchy, if not EVEN WORSE, because ostensibly based on the "will of the people" and in the service of "higher" causes, such as "social justice" (which, for Hayek, is mere babble).However, despite his reputation, Hayek does NOT see the solution as being the complete abolition of democratic sovereignty, or even of welfare state measures (many of which he supports, at least in theory, to some extent, despite his official protestations). Rather, he argues that we should strengthen the institutional safeguards of our legal, economic and political framework to make sure that our laws do not infringe on the people's basic liberties. On top of this, Hayek crucially admits that the state may well, without infringing on human liberty, provide a wide range of social services (usually supported by socialists but also many classical liberals), including, but not limited to, social security, basic education, zoning laws, housing rules, public parks, roads, bridges, spreading important information, supporting universities, protecting wildlife reserves, etc. (At this point it becomes clear Hayek is no strict libertarian. Whatever you may say about the list, this is hardly a minimal state, at least of the kind Ayn Rand or Robert Nozick would want!)Hayek's argumentation is rather circuitous, so it becomes difficult to say what his "primary" argument for the importance of private property accumulation is, and, on the other hand, why he nonetheless accepts a wide range of government activities. It is NOT enough to say that he is a typical utilitarian-minded classical liberal - because this only pushes the question back a few arguments (a few centuries!). Hayek's position, because of its strong anti-rationalism, seems to waver between intuitive liberal prejudice and relativistic utilitarianism.The problem is, from Hayek's not very precise premises, not very precise consequences will follow. In the same book, he can claim that "social justice" is a completely meaningless concept, and yet, a few pages later, without blinking an eye, argue that the state probably has a useful role (in the name of the "public good") in a dozen or more important fields besides letting the markets operate freely! I even think that Hayek's position would be more tenable and logical if he had accepted SOME part of the ethical principles of egalitarianism. But such principles Hayek, recalcitrantly, refuses to even consider. Thus his anti-egalitarianism may seem like a prejudice.As I see it, Hayek's work's has three main problems: 1) An excessive distrust of ethical principles other than a Humanist fascination with human freedom and a Puritan fascination with legal orderliness; 2) The wavering argumentation in SIMULTANEOUSLY attacking and defending welfare state institutions: he seems to want to have his cake and eat it too, i.e. to destroy the ethical basis of the welfare state and nonetheless to salvage many of its features! 3) His shortcomings as a writer and thinker leave his prose to be somewhat repetitive and dry. (He repeats the same arguments over and over again.)All these faults aside, the book contains so much scholarship and erudition that the reader is bound to be both enlightened and delighted. Hayek's principled criticism of the welfare state and his equally principled defence of limited government under the rule of law, are very timely and useful. But so is his surprising and forceful defence of the POSITIVE role that government can play in actually making the society a better place for everybody. The fact that this is bound to piss off many orthodox libertarians and small-government conservatives makes it all the more valuable, because perhaps it makes them reconsider some of their doctrinaire anti-government attitudes.It is my opinion that we should replace the welfare state not with cutthroat capitalism but with something like a mixture of Hayek and the welfare state: free market fairness, or social liberalism, which respects both individual liberty AND the effective, minimally coercive role that limited government can play in a free, just society.The resurgence of liberalism in the last couple of decades has shown that the idea of maximizing human freedom is far from dead and buried. In order to make this revolution stick, Hayek's work should be the Bible (or at least one of the Holy Texts) for the next decades. PS. See John Tomasi's book "Free Market Fairness" to learn more about bleeding heart libertarianism. See also Milton Friedman's "Free to Choose."PPS. The book also contains the classic short essay, "Why I Am Not A Conservative", which explains the difference between Whig and Tory mentality (or: between classical liberalism and a Tea Party/Ron Paul Republicanism) quite succinctly. Hayek's work is in the line of humanists and progressive forces of society, against defenders of the status quo. Although in essence there is not much difference between his "liberalism" and much of what passes for economic "conservatism" in the Anglo-Saxon countries. We are back at the old question: was Edmund Burke a conservative or a classical liberal, or perhaps an imperfect combination of both?. The Constitution of Liberty Viral Kindle One of the great political works of our time, the twentieth century successor to John Stuart Mill s essay, On Liberty Henry Hazlitt, Newsweek A reflective, often biting, commentary on the nature of our society and its dominant thought by one who is passionately opposed to the coercion of human beings by the arbitrary will of others, who puts liberty above welfar One of the great political works of our time, the twentieth century successor to John Stuart Mill s essay, On Liberty Henry Hazlitt, Newsweek A reflective, often biting, commentary on the nature of our society and its dominant thought by one who is passionately opposed to the coercion of human beings by the arbitrary will of others, who puts liberty above welfare and is sanguine that greater welfare will thereby ensue Sidney Hook, New York Times Book ReviewIn this classic work Hayek restates the ideals of freedom that he believes have guided, and must continue to guide, the growth of Western civilization Hayek s book, first published in 1960, urges us to clarify our beliefs in today s struggle of political ideologies.. Friedrich August von Hayek CH was an Austrian and British economist and philosopher known for his defense of classical liberalism and free market capitalism against socialist and collectivist thought He is considered by some to be one of the most important economists and political philosophers of the twentieth century Hayek s account of how changing prices communicate signals which enable individuals to coordinate their plans is widely regarded as an important achievement in economics Hayek also wrote on the topics of jurisprudence, neuroscience and the history of ideas.Hayek is one of the most influential members of the Austrian School of economics, and in 1974 shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics with Gunnar Myrdal for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena He also received the U.S Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991 from president George H W Bush.Hayek lived in Austria, Great Britain, the United States and Germany, and became a British subject in 1938.. Bestseller Ebook The Constitution of Liberty THE CONSTITUTION OF LIBERTYBy Friedrich A. HayekThis is Hayek's magnum opus, a long (but not too long) book that combines his previous studies in economics and political theory to explore the nature of freedom and liberty to answer the eternal question, "What system will deliver the most freedom to the most people?" If you are at all familiar with Hayek's thought, his answer shouldn't surprise you; he was a true believer in liberal democracy and free markets; a descendant simultaneously of John Locke and Adam Smith. What is surprising about this book is his analysis of the contemporary (1960) political scene, where Hayek saw very little freedom, even in countries that seemed to offer its citizens limitless personal license. Hayek's great insight, originally made in the Thirties when he was fighting on the anti-Keynsian side of the economic denates of the day, was that human knowledge was so vast and complex that is was simply impossible for one person or group of people to centralize that knowledge and make use of it in a useful efficient manner. Rather, knowledge is better spread and utilized when it is dispersed throughout a population, so that it is instantly available to those who can best utilize it for the benefit of themselves and the rest of society. In Hayek's day, and ours apparently, the emphasis was on the technocrat who could "form a committee" and direct society. Hayek originally made applied this insight in economics, but in this book, he moves it to the realm of politics. Hayek begins by asking what is the best system for spreading knowledge. His answer is that a political system offering liberty and freedom to all is more likely to be one in which knowledge is spread most efficiently and quickly because ideas are allowed to spread and evolve organially without any interference from government. Thus, the dynamism of the American economy is possible because of the freedom guaranteed by its Constitution, while socialist and communist countries become economically moribund because knowledge is held to be the proper province of the government, and none other. The middle part of "Constitution" is Hayek's analysis of the development of liberty in the west. he credits the British and the US with providing the most political and economic liberty to their citizens. Under Hayek's analysis, the British were the first people whom you could call "free," although their institutions were not as strong as they could be. He sees America's great innovation to be its creation of consitutitional liberty. What is truly interesting in this section is his analysis of European approaches to liberty, especially in France and Germany. While both countries spoke often about liberty and equality, both had gone through periods of dicatorship, and by Hayek's time were countries marked by strong central governments. In Hayek's analysis, the reason for this was the strong tradition of bureaucratic government in each country. As Hayek puts it, the French Revolution may have marked the end of absolute monarchy, but the bureaucracies set up by the kings of old continued as if nothing had changed. Hayek spends quite a bit of time discussing the development of the German welfare state and the simultaneous encroachment on liberty. He spends an inordinate amount of time analyizing the development of administrative law, but this is to make the point that the bureaucracy used its procedures to create a sort of separate legal system that eventually weighed heavily upon the freedom of the citizenry. The third part of "Constitution" is Hayek's analysis of contemporary issues such as rent control, minimum wage laws, state education, and the like. Hayek is, of course, in favor of as little government interference in any of these areas. That we have not pursued the Hayekian path is obvious. But, just as obvious should be the realization that there are many people - including many who are wealthy and well educated - who would rather look to the government for protection, rather than look to themselves. And the government is always there to give that protection so long as it can dictate the parameters of how its wards shall live.This is a thought-provoking and worthwhile book. As Hayek puts it, the liberal-left ideal of activist central government was and remains the dominant political philosophy in his day and in ours. Its promises are seductive to say the least: equality, "social justice," protection from life's troubles. Now, we have a left-wing president promising to save us from "climate change" and offering to deliver "free" health care. Wow! is there anything liberalism can't do? It is difficult to make the argument for limited decentralized government because it seems to offer so little: "we won't do much for you!" won't rally the troops, after all. But that's not really the point. The Hayekian model is a government that sees its job as protecting liberty and guaranteeing the safety of the citizenry. It has been a long time (maybe since the Coolidge Administration) since a US president saw that as his mission in life. If you only want to read one of Hayek's books, you should read "The Road To Serfdom." But once you have finished that remarkable work, you'll want to read more. This should be next on your list.

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  1. Friedrich August von Hayek CH was an Austrian and British economist and philosopher known for his defense of classical liberalism and free market capitalism against socialist and collectivist thought He is considered by some to be one of the most important economists and political philosophers of the twentieth century Hayek s account of how changing prices communicate signals which enable individuals to coordinate their plans is widely regarded as an important achievement in economics Hayek also wrote on the topics of jurisprudence, neuroscience and the history of ideas.Hayek is one of the most influential members of the Austrian School of economics, and in 1974 shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics with Gunnar Myrdal for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena He also received the U.S Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991 from president George H W Bush.Hayek lived in Austria, Great Britain, the United States and Germany, and became a British subject in 1938.

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The Constitution of Liberty Comment

  1. THE CONSTITUTION OF LIBERTYBy Friedrich A HayekThis is Hayek s magnum opus, a long but not too long book that combines his previous studies in economics and political theory to explore the nature of freedom and liberty to answer the eternal question, What system will deliver the most freedom to the most people If you are at all familiar with Hayek s thought, his answer shouldn t surprise you he was a true believer in liberal democracy and free markets a descendant simultaneously of John Locke an [...]


  2. Hayek s book is one of the crowning achievements in the socialism capitalism debate of the last 100 years It is a deserved classic of liberalism, an argument for a market oriented society with all its faults.It provides a classical liberal defence, mostly on utilitarian grounds, for a limited government under what he called rule of law the reign of non arbitrary, non coercive, abstract and general rules that apply to all citizens equally The state, although minimal, should offer the maximum prot [...]


  3. My reaction to this book is identical to that of most libertarian reviews of it Methodologically, Hayek is very strong, but he wavers far too easily when it comes to applying his principles A charitable interpretation is that, in outlining the interventionist measures he accepts as legitimate, he s describing what the government CAN do without screwing things up terribly, not what it SHOULD do An uncharitable interpretation is that he was a moderate socialist in his early years his own words and [...]


  4. Hayek has gotten a lot of press, lately some of it from corners of the media world that are quit a bit , um, colorful than he would himself appreciate Most of his renewed popularity surrounds his first major political tract, The Road to Serfdom, written in 1943, which I read 8 or 9 years ago While that was an important work, it suffered I think from somewhat leaden prose, and a reactive view of developments in the world a that time, especially in Germany and Britain I liked the message, but did [...]


  5. I forced myself to read it and it was not a pleasant experience First, it is boring Unless you support exactly the same ideology than Hayek, you will very soon be aware that the author does not try to be funny or witty and that he has the same relation with his dogma than the Spanish Inquisition had with Catholicism.Beyond that, a good example of the nonsense he defends is when he tries to justify inequality He says for instance that the consumption of the rich is what drives innovation because [...]


  6. This is best non fiction book I ve read Absolutely incredible Hayek is difficult to read, but once you get into it, his language is beautiful and most direct.He explains WHAT liberty is and shows that most people across history and nations actually have rejected true liberty duh He explain WHAT liberty DOES Thus he shows WHY we want liberty So, if we know why we want liberty then we have a reason to stand up for it.He explains the concept of spontaneous order He also contrasts the two disparate [...]


  7. A phenomenal work, a must read for anyone with an interest in freedom and liberty As with Hayek s other popular works, it is written to be accessible rather than technical The first portion of the book is philosophical though Hayek is remembered for his contributions to economics, his consideration of specifically economic questions and their interrelation with liberty doesn t come until toward the end The work is well known for positing the rule of law as the chief principle to ensure a modicum [...]


  8. In 1943, Friedrich von Hayek published The Road to Serfdom In this little book he explained how collectivist i.e socialist theories and thinking destroy humanity when applied in practice But first, this book was of an essay than a clear exposition and second, it was focused primarily on economic policy i.e the issue of central planning in collectivism So, in 1959, Hayek decided to publish another book on the same subject this time a comprehensive and very broad book, spanning than 400 pages Th [...]


  9. Thomas Sowell and others whet my appetite for a in depth look at socio economic studies, so I took a stab at Hayek s magnum opus It s a bit dense at times, but that s a reflection on the reader than the author This is a tremendous repository of wisdom for citizens of any nation Hayek s commentary on issues from unionism to taxation to social security to state coercion reads as though it was taken from present day political discussions rather than a 5 decade old treatise This is a openly ideol [...]


  10. I can respect what Hayek was doing here and hence I gave it a few stars than I would like and a few less than it probably deserves Hayek wants to create a society that is free of coercion This is an excellent idea and the logic is sound within its own bubble However, he settles on a system that is built out of coercion capitalism Further, he settles on a dichotomy of capitalism free markets vs socialism communism Regardless of your stance on the book, it is definitely a must read if you are int [...]


  11. An Exposition Of A Theory Of LibertyHayek s The Constitution of Liberty is a comprehensive work of political philosophy It sets forth, defends, and applies an important view of the nature of human liberty, government, and economics that is worth considering, at the least, and that has much to commend it The book is carefully written and argued with extensive and substantive footnotes and with an analytical table of contents that is useful in following the details of the argument The book is high [...]


  12. Truly a classic, although I would hesitate to say a timeless classic When in Part III Hayek applies his philosophy to the then contemporary issues of the day, one is struck by how much things have changed as much as by how much they have stayed the same For instance, from the perspective of 2017 I wonder if Hayek would have devoted a chapter to Labor Unions and Employment Although in principle his points are well taken, the threat posed by unions today is quite different from what he feared from [...]


  13. Three of five stars solely based on the writing and sometimes sporadic argumentation The dense subject matter was throughout obscured via extremely tedious sentence structures.Given the enthusiasm his work enjoys from many libertarian leaning quarters, I was surprised to find Hayak s build up of liberty, through a detailed and intensively footnoted analysis hinged on social evolution, lead to positions accepting social insurance programs, central monetary authority, and arguments for town planni [...]


  14. This is the most challenging read I ve ever come across The sentences are long, the content hard to understand but it s a direct challenge to ideas I ve always held What Hayek lacks in the former, he makes up for in the latter In an age where identity is king, Hayek explains how the road to equality can be paved with good intentions but can have shattering consequences In an uncertain world personal freedoms must be protected from well meaning blundering attempts to control forces beyond our con [...]


  15. Mindblowing First page A quote Wrote back in 1945, H P Phillips About perceiving the civilization as either static or dynamic And how the dynamic civilization can only be based on personal freedom 2017, history, internet, and the white old farts have decided civilization is as static as christianity has fought to keep the Earth.


  16. He is a clear and calm writer, which is nice, and i d put him with Nozick as people with whom I would disagree yet completely understand the justification for how they got to their beliefs I would love to listen in on a conversation between him and Walzer, who I think best expresses the corrupting influences of a society set up along Hayek s framework.



  17. Este es uno de los libros m s duros que he le do en mi vida, incluso m s que alguno que me ha producido escalofr os o hecho cerrar sus tapas durante un rato En mi empe o por intentar entender las diferentes corrientes sociopol ticas y econ micas que nos han tra do hasta donde estamos, creo que esta obra es de las que m s profundamente pueden haberme afectado en la defensa de mis ideas que, al contrario de las de Margaret Thatcher, no son estas Es precisamente por esto que lo considero un libro v [...]


  18. Prior to reading The Constitution of Liberty I was familiar with its postscript essay, Why I Am Not a Conservative , in which Hayek defines conservatism both on its own terms and in contradistinction to Hayek s own classical liberal position for which he prefers the term Old Whig gism.During the reading of The Constitution of Liberty, it became clear to me why Hayek saw a need for such an essay interspersed with convential liberal views I use liberal in the same sense as Hayek, viz the European, [...]


  19. In The Consitution of Liberty F A Hayek steps outside of his field economic sciences and tries to delineate a complete picture of his libertarian or as he calls it old Whiggism ideas Those ideas stretch over the whole bundle of social sciences economy, law, politics, sociology, philosophy, ethics, and many He therby gives a 20th century framework of libertarian philosophy in the vein of his 19th colleges for whom he has great respect.The book itself is divided into three parts In the first, The [...]


  20. Inutile che parliamo noi, facciamo come Ricossa e lasciamo la parola a Hayek.Il valore della libert individuale poggia soprattutto sul riconoscimento dell inevitabile ignoranza di tutti noi nei confronti di un gran numero dei fattori da cui dipende la realizzazione dei nostri scopi e della nostra sicurezza Se esistessero uomini onniscienti, se potessimo sapere non solo tutto quanto tocca la soddisfazione dei nostri desideri di adesso, ma pure i bisogni e le aspirazioni future, resterebbe poco da [...]


  21. I responded to a number of quotes on my blog for which I will provide teh links at the end of this review.This was not an easy read but I am glad I tackled it i have a new appreciation for Hayek, and for his significant limitations as a defender of liberty Hayek gets into trouble IMO by defining liberty as a state of minimum coercion A far better definition would be a state free from the initiation of force Because he does not adequately distinguish between aggressive force and defensive force, [...]


  22. My rating for this book is 3.5.It is the first book I read focusing on constitutionalism, rule of the law and how freedom and a free society are covered by those concepts, so I am not an expert in the subject I think Hayek did a great job in defining the terms and concepts like coercion, freedom, rule of law he was going to use before starting to comparing them and adding meaning to the arguments.I must say that I agree with most of those terms, concepts and the connections he made with them Whe [...]


  23. An under appreciated classic of political theory F.A Hayek s epistemological argument for liberty, set out in the first half of section one, is a novel argument with wide ranging implications Through this section and section two one picks up on the level of conversation Hayek must have been having around this time with Karl Popper among other articles and books, Popper sets out a critique of historicism, collectivism, and central planning generally in The Open Society It s Enemies, released 11 y [...]


  24. I read the first two sections and skimmed through the third Hayek was not a particularly gifted writer and I m rather disappointed with this work He occasionally hits one some very important points namely, the difference between a classical liberal and democratic society, the importance of the rule of law, the possible appropriateness of government providing common goods , etc However, on other issues, there is an amazing lack of clarity His insistence on the legitimacy of providing social secur [...]


  25. I cannot even claim to be a real student of political economics, but I want to understand the opposing positions so loudly shouted about today I started with a Video course , The Modern Political Tradition Hobbes to Habermas from The Great Courses, which gave me a basic understanding and guidance as to the recognized figures to read up on My first effort was the Constitution of Liberty by the Nobel Prize winning Friedrich Hayek, a vehement liberal read libertarian in today s vocabulary , or as h [...]


  26. Great arguments, great ideas Even if you don t agree with Hayek, you should be intimately familiar with his arguments Must read for anyone with political interests.The challenge with Hayek is that he elevates the principles of the rule of law to a meta legal principle, a principle that arose from human action but not of human design, a tradition that embodies the wisdom of generations, knowledge that no one person could attain in a single lifetime As such, he asserts that we should acknowledge a [...]


  27. This book is the Magnus Opus of Friedrich Hayek Hayek is the John Locke of the 20th century Must read From One of the great political works of our time, the twentieth century successor to John Stuart Mill s essay, On Liberty Henry Hazlitt, Newsweek A reflective, often biting, commentary on the nature of our society and its dominant thought by one who is passionately opposed to the coercion of human beings by the arbitrary will of others, who puts liberty above welfare and is sanguine that great [...]


  28. Interesting Quote The argument for liberty is not an argument against organization, which is one of the most powerful tools human reason can employ, but an argument against all exclusive, privileged, monopolistic organization, against the use of coercion to prevent others from doing better F A Hayek, the Constitution of Liberty It has been well said that, while we used to suffer from social evils, we now suffer from the remedies for them The difference is that, while in former times the social e [...]


  29. If there is one book that has the potential to completely change your views on such words which are so overused to have lost their meaning as liberty, equality, democracy, rule of law then this is it I had to show a bit of patience and had to read several sentences twice for me to understand the complete significance of what was being said, but all the perseverance was worth it In today s world where governments are encroaching an on individual freedom this is a book to educate us that things [...]


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